How the Quality of DLC Coatings Play a Substantial Role in Today’s Deposition Industry

DLC coatings provide a variety of benefits to technicians that other coating methods don’t.

diamond-like-carbon-applicationsThe application of diamond like carbon, or DLC, coatings has introduced a new way of producing high quality and consistent coatings for a variety of industries. This type of technology allows for deposition in large scale production machines without having to sacrifice film quality.

Systems Breakdown

Today’s technicians prefer a quality vacuum evaporation system that possesses the ability to deposit PVD layers as well as uniform PACVD layers within the same system. Furthermore, this process allows for the transition from PVD layers to DLC layers with ease and prevents any breakdown when it comes to interlayer adhesion. Hands down, excellent adhesions is the primary factor considered when it comes to deposition technology.

Breaking Down the Coating Process

DLC coating beings when a product is placed into a vacuum chamber that has a carousel fixed on the chamber. Once the chamber is completely evacuated, the produce is then preheated to a set temperature that does not exceed 300 F. The process will then transition into the ion etching phase where ions are bombarded onto the substrate followed by a sputter clean to remove the micro oxides. Sputter cleaning is an important aspect of the entire process because it ensures that there will not be any debris or unwarranted particles that are going to be attached onto the product. Once the produce is fully cleaned, the coating process occurs where a dense and smooth amorphous carbon layer is deposited onto the product’s surface. Once the technician checks for quality control and ensures that the substrate is perfectly placed, the deposition process is complete.


Denton Vacuum, LLC can help you find a quality sputtering system for all your medical device coatings. For all your deposition needs, visit Denton Vacuum, LLC today.

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Why buy cialis on the internet is really beneficial for you?

So you’ve decided to order cialis and do not know where to start? We can give you some advice. First, ask your doctor for advice in order to properly determine the dosage, when you do that, you need to decide for yourself exactly where you will be buying the drug. You can buy cialis online, or you can just buy it at the pharmacy. Buy cialis online has a number of advantages, one of which is price. The cost of the Internet will always be lower than in stores, and when combined with the free shipping, it will be the best choice. Besides the price there are a number of advantages over conventional pharmacies, one of which is anonymity. Also, you can always check the online store on reliability, read reviews about it and the opinion of other buyers. Read more.

Differentiating Between Physical and Chemical Deposition Methods

Both physical and chemical deposition play a large role in many popular industries today.

sputter-processThin film evaporation and deposition is essentially the application of an extremely thin film of material – relative to the size of a few atoms – onto what is known as a “substrate” surface. It is then coated with a specific material that is chosen by the operator to form layers. The process of thin film deposition is an integral part of today’s semiconductor industries, solar panel production, CD manufacturing, and other optical device industries.

Physical and Chemical Deposition

Thin film deposition is divided into two categories – physical deposition and chemical deposition. Although they may sound similar, they have significant differences that allow them to perform tasks that the other cannot.

Chemical deposition utilizes a fluid precursor to produce a chemical change on a surface – resulting in a chemically deposited coat. An example of this is chemical vapor deposition which produces a high-purity, high-quality solid material that is used in the semiconductor industry today.

Physical deposition on the other hand, refers to a more broad range of technologies where a specific material is released from a designated source and deposited onto a substrate through the use of a mechanical, thermodynamic, or electromechanical process. Two of the most common techniques of physical vapor deposition are sputtering and evaporation – two methods that differ from each other due to their unique step-by-step processes.

Thermal Evaporation

The process of thermal evaporation involves the heating of a solid material that coats a substrate within a high vacuum chamber until it begins to boil and evaporates, therefore producing high vapor pressure. Now, inside this vacuum chamber, even a small amount of vapor pressure is enough to produce a cloud of vapor. This now evaporated material creates a stream that can travel through the vacuum environment without reacting or affecting the other atoms within the chamber. It will then travel all the way until it hits the substrate, thus “sticking” onto it as a thin film or coating.

Sputtering

The process of sputtering is essentially the bombardment of a target material with a high amount of high-energy particles. Typically it’s used as a deposition method on a substrate for silicon wafers or solar panels. These substrates that are going to be coated are placed within a vacuum chamber that contains an inert gas. A negative electric charge is then utilized on the material that is going to be deposited, which then forces the plasma within the chamber to glow. The atoms are then sputtered off of the target through high-impact collisions with the inert gas, carrying these particles throughout the sputtering systems and then ultimately ending up being deposited as a thin film.


Denton Vacuum, LLC manufactures the finest ion beam sputter deposition equipment on the market. For questions on how you can go about purchasing these products, visit Denton Vacuum, LLC online today.

Meeting Increased Energy Demands with Cleaner Policies

energy-consumptionOne of the biggest challenges the global community faces in the coming decades is how to solve the fundamental problem of energy consumption. As expert Dev Randhawa puts it, the baseload demand will grow exponentially:

“You’ve got countries like Saudi Arabia and [the] Middle East that are building reactors, because they’ve realized that it’s not only clean energy, it’s baseload. We all [go home] and turn on our appliances at the same time, and there’s a big demand right away…”

That demand can’t be met by fossil fuels, especially as the climate changes. Randhawa points out the great freeze Canada experienced recently. The strain on the power grid causes black or brownouts that can make life quite difficult for developing nations especially. He further suggested that nations that don’t want nuclear within their borders have the option of leasing or acquiring power from neighboring countries at a premium. The end result is more efficient power generation, no matter which country actually hosts the reactor.

Hybrid Energy Strategy

The future of energy isn’t overly reliant on any one power source, but instead will combine multiple sources of power to create a more efficient power grid able to respond to peak usage. Better storage capacity for alternative energy does help to make wind and solar viable, but not as the sole provider of energy.

Another advantage to nuclear is that it’s cost effective. Recent studies have shown power plants can survive for up to 75 years, and replacing components such as steam generators can help improve that lifespan.

Shipping a Safe Across Country for a Move

shipping-crateWhen preparing your big move across the country, one thing you may dread moving is your safe. This should be unsurprising since safes should be difficult to move to deter burglars. However, you will need to have a great plan for moving your safe across the country.

Make Sure You Have Enough Space

Measure your trtl30x6 safe and make sure that there is enough space in the moving truck for it. Otherwise, you may need to rent an additional moving truck to fit the safe.

Empty The Safe Of All Its Contents

Anything that can make the tl 30 safes lighter will make them more manageable when moving them onto the truck. Move the contents to a safe place.

Disguise The Safe

As you move the burglary safe to the truck, keep it disguised so that criminals do not see the safe and see it as a potential target. Place the safe on the sturdiest dolly you can find. When moving the safe into the truck, use moving straps.

Plan Your Route To Minimize Stops

Make use of freeways so you can minimize the number of stops along the way. If anyone notices that you have a safe, your truck may be more likely to be the victim of a burglary. Once the safe has reached its destination, use the same method used to place the safe to remove it from the truck.


First Security Safe sells used tl 30 safes online, or in-store at their Los Angeles location. First Security Safe has the largest showroom in Los Angeles.

The costs of an EDI implementation

Written by Act Data Services, Inc. 1-800-ACT-DATA

1In order to financially justify the implementation of an EDI system, a thorough cost analysis needs to be done. That cost will depend on which type of EDI system you go with, an in-house system, or with the use of an EDI service provider. Here are a look at the two systems:

In-house

An in-house implementation has been by few of the larger organizations. There are several advantages to this approach. Namely management of the system, control and security considerations. The investment to get edi compliance will be significant and the following systems will need to be setup internally:

EDI software
Communications software
EDI transmission methods
Mapping and translation software
EDI and mapping specialists
Ongoing upgrades, support and maintenance

VAN/EDI Provider

Third party providers will need to be judged based on different criteria. A prime consideration would be the number of partners  present on the vendor’s system. Another would be international support for overseas partners. Some will also provide training and support for your staff directly. They should also be able to provide options on getting your partners on board EDI.

In terms of financials the providers tend to charge on volume of transactions, while offering differing payment models. The payment models are usually annual, monthly or pay as you go.

Based on the above, it appears that an in- house system will make the most sense for larger organizations that will be able to recover the significant investments. Smaller businesses will be better served by using a provider.

Act Data is an web based edi provider for retail and supplier environments.

 

Seven facts about Len Blavatnik

1Written by Access Industries

Here are some interesting facts about Len Blavatnik, the investor and entrepreneur who is also Britain’s richest man:

Although he is britain’s richest man, he was born in the Ukraine and studied at Moscow State University. In 1978 he migrated to the United States and gained citizenship in 1984. His education began with a degree in computer science at Columbia followed by a Harvard MBA.

His most publicized and famous deal was the 2011 purchase of the Warner Music group for 3.3 billion dollars. With it came the label that signed artists like Coldplay.

His Yacht is named Odessa after the city where he was born in the Ukraine. He is known to throw a party on the Yacht every year during the Cannes film festival. This event is attended by hollywood and a-list celebrities.

He owns one of the few grade 2 listed homes in the exclusive Kensington Palace gardens, London. Grade The house is valued at approximately 41 millions sterling pounds. As a listed home, it is considered to be of special architectural and cultural significance.

The Blavatnik Foundation is one of the world’s leading supporters of scientific, education and cultural awards. The most famous of these is the Blavatnik Young Scientists Award which started in 2007. He has also personally made donations to Yale, Harvard and Oxford univsersities.

He is married and has two sons and two daughters. His daughter’s Bat mitzvahs had Ed Sheeran and Bruno Mars performing.
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Len Blavatnik needs no introduction. He is the man at the top of Access Industries and world renowned philanthropist.

Construction Planning: Saving Time and Money

Written by: Lyle Charles

Construction project managers have a monumental task on their plate: finish a building (sometimes something as ambitious as a skyscraper or sports arena) within a set amount of time and come under budget. Not so simple! Still, with the right crew advising him, any construction project manager has a good chance of beating the odds and completing the project on time.

Group of Architects Planning

Planning

Construction advisory services are an indispensible part of the construction process. Their job is to assist in all of the aspects of planning, from plans and permits to personnel and materials. They help you find solid suppliers who can deliver what you need on time. They also help coordinate with the various crews working on your project to fill in gaps for scheduling.

They can look over plans and give some indication of scope of work, including items you might have missed as the manager. Most of these crews have experience tallying ten or twenty years, so they speak from a place of authority. They don’t waste time, and they understand how to get past planning and into production.

Materials

A steel fabrication expert can be valuable throughout the project, as they will help determine what materials to use and how to use them. They can provide advice on welding, setting materials and even embedding steel. If your building has ornamental steel, these experts are well-versed in setting those beams in a way that is structurally sound and safe. If you’re seeking permit approval, a steel fabrication expert is well worth the cost of hiring.

The biggest red flag to watch for when ordering materials is to guarantee a delivery date, and specify where the shipment will be delivered to. Access can be a huge problem for remote job sites, and that poor access can add to the overall tab for materials. Delivery dates can also be fickle if there is a supply shortage. Look for guarantees from your supplier, and keep all written correspondence. You may need to prove those guarantees in court.

Final Thoughts

If you run into legal troubles along the way, a construction claims expert can provide you help at a more affordable rate than your average attorney. Legal disputes should go to an attorney, but claims are more about figuring out who is owed what money and why. A claims expert can help you organize the documents you need to prove your case in court. Claims can also go to mediation if necessary, which will give both you and your legal adversary a venue to air your grievance in front of a trained construction mediator.

Three Types of Safes on the Market

How safe is your safe? Although many people do not know it, safes can be classified following a system used by UL, which for over a century has been providing independent verification of safety and security for a wide variety of household devices.

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UL’s ratings are based on how long, in minutes, a safe can be expected to stand up to attempted break-ins and what instruments are used to try to break the safe. A TL in the rating indicates that the safe is resistant to hand and power tools, so for example TL 30 safes are those that require 30 minutes to break into using tools.

TR means that the safe resists cutting torches — a safe that resists both tools and torches is rated TRTL.

Finally, an X in the rating code indicates that the safe is also resistant to explosives.

Note, however, that all these ratings apply only to the safe door. It may be easier for a criminal to break into the safe by cutting through one of the other sides. If this is a concern, look for one that has an x6 in the code, such as a TRTL30x6 safe. This indicates that the safe is resistant on all six sides, including the top and bottom.

Which kind of safe is best for you? That depends on your budget, and what you plan to keep secure. A reputable manufacturer such as ISM Safes will be able to help you find the model that best meets your needs.
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Understanding Ion Beam Sputter Deposition

Read below to find out how IBS is advantageous when it comes to thin film deposition.

Manufacturing optical thin films is a large industry that utilizes various techniques in order to achieve the highest quality possible. One of the more common approaches to these films is by using ion beam sputter deposition. Taking place in a vacuum chamber, IBS typically uses a high energy ion beam as the primary source – this is typically composed of various metals or oxides.

How does IBS work?

The high energy beam that’s shot out towards the target material creates a momentum that causes the atoms and molecules to “sputter” off onto the substrate, thus creating the thin film. As mentioned before, the vacuum chamber plays a vital role in the entire process. Note that there is oxygen present within the vacuum chamber at low pressures. This is designed to create oxidation or re-oxidize when needed.

What about the Quality?

What results from IBS is a highly uniform, highly dense film with excellent coverage and adhesion to the substrate itself. This is important because films require mechanical durability and stability. IBS provides a great amount of precision and makes hitting performance targets efficient and easier than PVD thermal evaporation. This process can also be automated, which doesn’t require supervision from the operator.

Summing it Up

IBS delivers excellence when it comes to both stability and durability of optical thin films. They also have the lowest absorption rate of any other type of coating type. There are very few drawbacks to utilizing this method, except for the limited range of materials that can be used – typically going to be metal oxides. IBS proves that it’s both a reliable and consistent method of generating thin films.


 

Denton Vacuum, LLC manufactures high-quality systems for electron microscopy, ophthalmic applications, and PVD coating.