Coating Optics with Sputtering Systems

Sputtering systems are created in various configurations, including magnetron sputtering, E-beam evaporation and PVD Thermal Evaporation. Sputtering places extremely thin layers of material onto a target surface. These layers can be measured by the nanometer, and are often so dense that they are almost as hard as diamonds. These layers are so small that you would need an electron microscope to see them.

Healthcare, semi-conductor production, computer components and special optics all make use of sputtering systems. The carbon-like coatings these systems produce protect the target material from heat, pressure and abrasion. In order to prevent a fault in the finished product, it is incredibly important that operators never touch the inside of a vacuum with their bare hands. Skin oils left in the chamber introduce contaminates that alter the hardness of the film.

In any sort of sputter coater system, the gas inside the chamber is heated up to temperatures that are like that of the sun. A state of matter called plasma is created that allows for the greatest freedom of motion in particles. The particles leave the plasma and condense onto the target material in the chamber.

A typical application of a sputter coater system is for optics. Coating optical lenses helps prevent scratching and other defects.

Guest post is provided by Denton Vacuum, LLC, offering quality Thin Film Vacuum Coating. Visit the website at for more details.

Understanding the Different Types of Water Heaters

In Los Angeles, a water heater is a common staple in many households. A nice warm bath can trigger your senses in the morning and soothe tensed muscles after a long and tiring day. Water passes through a series of coils inside a water heater or heated using a burner. The process is almost instantaneous as it comes out of the pipes as soon as your turn the shower knob.

There are many types of water heaters available in the market, if you need to replace or purchase a new one it is best to know each type’s specifications so you can get the right type of water heater for your home. Electric water heaters are very popular as it is less expensive upfront. The downside of an electric water heater is its inability to produce hot water when there is an energy disruption. Gas fueled water heaters may be costly, but it is more cost efficient in the long run. Gas is cheaper that electricity, this type of water heater is perfect for large households or for people with a high demand of hot water. There are solar powered water heaters wherein a solar panel is placed on top of your roof. Solar energy is collected to heat up the water inside of a tank.

Contour-Cut Bedding Takes Personal Comfort to a New Level

For years, the latex and foam mattress topper have held the top spot as the newest and most popular products in the bedding industry, offering affordable ways for people to get their best sleep and the longest life out of their beds. Innovation never stops though, and spring-boarding off the topper concept is the recent introduction of contour cut foam mattresses and toppers.

Flat, uniform mattresses have been the standard since people first decided they were done sleeping on the ground and wanted a more comfortable surface to rest upon. The human body is anything but flat though, featuring contours, curves, and angles that are either over- or under-supported by a flat bedding surface. This issue was first addressed by memory foam’s contouring that cradles and supports every area of the body. Now, contour-cutting manufacturing advancements permit mattress-makers to go even further with personalization, creating unique patterns and builds that recognize the different areas of the body as unique and addressing them accordingly.

Contour-cut foam bedding allows a foam topper to provide greater or lesser support to areas, as unique shapes and patterns create a one-of-a-kind sleep experience. These high-quality sleep surfaces have areas that address the body’s different zones with special cuts made to target the needs of each region of the body. These are found as entry-level mattresses with three zones, and scale up to five and seven zone products as well.

These special zones address areas like the hips and shoulders that require extra support because of the pressure they exert on a bed, while offering more cushioning designs around the heels and head where comfort is a greater priority. Unlike the original style of bedding, contour-cut mattresses or toppers address your body’s needs in a way it hasn’t experienced before, giving you a new level of comfort and refreshing sleep.

Uses and Benefits of Artificial Grass

The market for fake lawn grass is rapidly growing because it is a great alternative to natural grass. In today’s modern developments, artificial grass looks and feels more natural. Artificial turf prices vary according to the size, color variation and infill. Artificial grass is not only used for home applications but it is also very popular for sport pitches, resorts and office buildings.

Unlike natural grass, artificial grass does not require heavy maintenance. You will be saving up hours per week from mowing and watering your lawn. This is the perfect option for households wherein old people reside to or for holiday homes where the owners are not always around to look after their lawn. Artificial grass is environmental friendly. You will save up gallons of water per year and reduce carbon emissions coming from lawn mowers. It also would not need any sprays that are loaded with chemicals, such as herbicides and pesticides. It is safe for children, it will not trigger any allergies unlike natural grass. Artificial grass is a great option especially for locations where natural grass has difficulty growing. Best of all, artificial grass will look neat and green all year round.

Article submitted by Artificial Turf Supply. Artificial Turf Supply provides high quality artificial residential turf as well as for commercial use. All of Artificial Turf Supply’s products are made in the United States and have exceeded EPA standards and received various certifications and credits.

Know Your Foam: Open vs. Closed Cell Foam

Believe it or not, one of the most widely used materials in the world is foam. It has a wide variety of applications ranging from packaging, cushioning, insulation, sound proofing and so much more. Given the wide usage of foam, then perhaps it is time to learn more about our little polyurethane friend?

Foam is usually made of polyurethane and depending on the intended application, can contain infusion of other materials such as charcoal or gas mixtures. Even the composition of the polyurethane itself can differ for different foam applications. Generally speaking though, there are two classifications of foam based on construction; open cell foam and closed cell foam.

Open cell foam is what is generally used for cushions and packaging because they are softer than close cell foam. It is called open cell because if you look at it, the construction of the foam has. This open construction makes it more flexible and more comfortable for cushion applications. The downside to open cell foam though is that they are less rigid and are not as good as closed cell foam for insulation.

Closed cell foam are the tougher lot in the world of foams, they are generally used for home insulation and soundproofing. They are called closed cell because they do not have pores and are rigid. The downside to closed cell is that it can’t be used for cushions.

Now, if you are looking for polyurethane foam Canada or closed cell foam Canada, there are countless options that even deliver nationwide!

This article was submitted by Canada Foam by Mail. If you are looking to get some flexible polyurethane foamconveniently shipped to your doorstep, then Canada Foam by Mailis the right option for you!

Advantages of Having a Glass Fence foryour Swimming Pool

When you have a swimming pool at home, you will need to install proper fencing to keep the area protected from accidents and the elements. Glass swimming pool fencing is popular these days as it offers both aesthetic appeal and several advantages. Nowadays you can even purchase a frameless fencing for your pool for a more modern and stylish look.

Let’s face it, installing a glass fence will be costly that is why many of us gather information before we go and purchase one. What sets a glass fence from any other type of fencing in the market? First, glass is clear. You can put up a glass fence while still enjoy the view of nearby mountains or your lush garden. Glass fences are durable enough to last for several years. It does not corrode even when it is in constant contact with chlorinated water. In case your glass fence breaks, it will hold itself together in the frame to avoid any more debris that can injure people inside the pool. Best of all, glass fences are a breeze to clean! You don’t need to use any fancy cleaning soaps. All you need is distilled white vinegar and your panels will be as good as new.

Fashion for Business

Do you have a passion for fashion? Are you into following the latest design trends from the hottest fashion houses all over the world? At the same time, are you looking for a way to earn a steady stream of income? Perhaps, if you have the flair for it, fashion merchandising is the job for you.

Going into fashion retail is an exciting entrepreneurial venture because it will link your love for clothes and accessories to your livelihood. Basically, what you would be doing is sharing your interest for fashion and be paid for it at the same time. Fashion is good business if you have an eye for aesthetics because while trends change, people will always need clothes and all you need to do is make sure you spot trend changes in order to keep your shop relevant.

In order to become an effective fashion merchandiser, what you should consider, aside from the merchandise, is store design; you are selling style after all. You should make sure to fit your store with high quality, ergonomic and ultra-stylish store fixtures like clothes hanger. In order to maintain a beautiful store, you should make sure that the clothes you have on display are pleasing to the eyes as well; for that you would need a clothes steamer to keep everything tidy. Luckily, your entire store fixture needs can be met by a wide selection of store fixtures professionals. Some of them even do business online!

This article was submitted by Display Warehouse; a top quality source of store fixtures such as clothes hangers.

Heart on Display

Every glorious moment of our life is a moment that we will cherish until our last breath. After all, what do we live for other than the joy of achievements, whether it is personal, family related, professional or even spiritual. These momentous occasions that have happened ever since our childhood like our first steps and first words up to the days we retire and spend our twilight years caring for our grandchildren should be remembered and commemorated.

For those achievements that we can have physical remembrances of, like the your college admission letter, your diploma, your first pay check and so much more, you should be proud of them and as such, it would be a nice idea to set aside a place for them in your home where you can reminisce about all the good memories you can associate with those items.

In order to keep a place in your home for the items that have a place in your heart, take time to look for good quality display showcases for your memorabilia. High quality display cases will organize your memories so that you can never forget a single glorious moment. Furthermore, a display case will also protect your memorabilia and keep them in prime condition so that you can pass on your legacy for generations to come.

Luckily, good display cases are not hard to find because there are fine display cases available online. These fine craftsmen will even ship your display shelf to your home!

Sail Softly with Soft Foam

We live in a planet covered by water. From the many rivers, lakes, and oceans, we are surrounded by it. The allure of the open water is something many of us have dreamed to explore and tame. From just plainly cruising on the seven seas, to reeling in monster fish on the open ocean, nothing can quite beat the allure of exploring the many bodies of water that encapsulate our world.

Sailing these many bodies of water however come with a price and with many hours on the water can take a toll on our bodies. From wrangling a 400-pound marine beast, to a 16-hour cruise in the Bahamas, going out and about on the high seas on a hard seat can be an absolute pain. Next time you hit the water, equip your vessel with the best marine foam cushions and have your body reel in the big game, or cruise the pacific islands in both style and comfort. With the latest advances in dry fast foam, not only will your ride be comfortable, it will stay drier and resist odours and bacteria build-up. With dry fast foam your custom cushions will be made to your exacting specifications to fit your needs, and at the same time will outperform ordinary cushioning foam for years to come.

So remember, next time you’re out on the water, cruise, fish, or pilot in style with the best marine foam cushions and be comfortable as you explore the world.

Article submitted by The Foam Factory, an online source for premium foam cushions for home, office, industrial and marine use. We manufacture custom boat cushions, seat cushions, and furniture cushions in all shapes and sizes.

Looking Good and Feeling Good

We dress up for various reasons. Some may don their most elegant pieces but feel completely stiff for the duration that they’re wearing it because it’s uncomfortable; others may choose something a little bit more drabbed down but feel completely comfy in them. This trade-off has been an issue ever since the dawn of fashion – but there are ways to circumvent them.

Looking good and feeling good come hand in hand, so it’s no surprise that we all search for something that will flatter our figures. Products have started to proliferate in the market that specifically address this, like slimming body shapers which are latex base layer apparel that help properly contour differing shapes and sizes – they are flexible, and naturally moves along the way your body does. On top of instantly making you visibly lose weight, it also actually helps you lose weight as compression garments have been linked to restricted blood flow in muscles, forcing them to work harder.

These slimming shapers, more than their aesthetic contribution also help ease other concerns such as an aching back, because it provides a means of support – especially to those that spend the whole day in front of a computer, or being out and about. It also helps you regulate your posture, which does not only help permanently reduce your back aches, but helps you to flatter your physicality a little bit more – making you stand tall, giving off a more confident vibe that is also completely comfortable in what she’s wearing.